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How Value-Based Engineering is Transforming System Design

Updated: Jan 15

A human face built of digital pixels

In the rapidly evolving landscape of technology and business, the integration of ethical considerations into system design has become increasingly crucial. The concept of Value-Based Engineering (VBE), as detailed in the IEEE 7000 standard, offers a groundbreaking approach for organizations to develop ethically responsible and value-driven systems. This blog post delves into the essence of VBE, its significance in the modern business environment, and how it can be effectively implemented in system design processes.


Understanding Value-Based Engineering (VBE)

VBE is a structured methodology that integrates innovation management, risk management, system, and software engineering into a cohesive framework. It is designed to ensure that ethical values are systematically and verifiably incorporated into technical design and development. This approach is particularly relevant in light of recent ethical lapses in technology, such as the Boeing 737 MAX crashes and the Volkswagen emissions scandal, which have highlighted the need for more ethically conscious engineering practices.


The Need for Ethical System Design

The increasing awareness of ethical considerations in technology design is driven by the potential biases and manipulability of software systems, including critical judicial systems and social networks. The lack of transparency in AI systems has also been a major concern. Traditional system and software engineering methodologies, while effective in ensuring functional requirements, often fall short in addressing ethical and value-driven aspects of system development.


The VBE Approach

VBE addresses this gap by offering a transparent, step-by-step methodology that incorporates a robust value ontology and terminology. Going beyond the harm-avoidance principle, VBE also allows  embedding positive value missions into technology. The approach has been tested in various case studies, demonstrating its effectiveness in building responsible and ethically founded systems.


Implementing VBE in Business

For businesses looking to adopt VBE, it is crucial to understand its key components and how they can be integrated into existing processes.


Prerequisites for Value Elicitation

The first step in VBE is understanding the system-of-interest (SOI) at hand. Based on the SOI description, the stakeholders affected by the system can be identified. Stakeholders are those directly or indirectly impacted by the system. The environment can also be seen as a stakeholder which can. be represented through the involvement of NGOs or other interest groups.


Value Elicitation through Material Value Ethics and Moral Philosophy

Working with stakeholder representatives, the implications of a SOI's design can be explored. This involves considering the values that a system should promote or preserve.

VBE is rooted in moral philosophies, including utilitarianism, virtue ethics, and deontological ethics. These philosophies guide the elicitation of values in system design, ensuring a broad spectrum of values is considered. This approach helps in identifying core values and value qualities that are essential for the SOI.


From Principles to Practice

Once core values are identified, they are prioritized and translated into Ethical Value Requirements (EVRs), which are then incorporated into the system design. EVRs bridge the gap between the ethical value world and the system engineering world, ensuring that the system aligns with the identified values.


The Role of Value Leads

Value Leads play a crucial role in guiding organizations and stakeholders through the VBE process. They bridge the gap between stakeholders affected by a system, the organization building the system and the ethical values, ensuring that all parties cooperate in designing a system that aligns with the values identified.



Value-Based Engineering represents a significant shift in how businesses approach system design, emphasizing the importance of ethical considerations and stakeholder dialogue. By adopting VBE, organizations can ensure that their systems are not only functionally robust but also align with societal values and ethical principles. This approach is essential for building trust and credibility in an increasingly digital world, where the impact of technology on society is profound and far-reaching.


As businesses continue to navigate the complexities of modern technology, adopting frameworks like VBE will be crucial in ensuring that their innovations are responsible, ethical, and beneficial to society.


Further reading


This blog post was crafted with the assistance of advanced AI technology to ensure accuracy, enhance creativity, and provide the most up-to-date information.



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